Biomedicine and Surgery is an international, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal publishing original research contributing to the field of biomedicine, surgery and public health.  Biomedicine and Surgery is the official journal of the Association aiming to be a publication of international repute that serves as a medium for dissemination and exchange of scientific knowledge in the biomedicine, surgery and public health. The aim of Biomedicine and Surgery is to publish original research focusing on publishing peer-reviewed articles of current international interest in the form of original articles, brief communications, reviews, case reports, clinical images, and letters.